Mikhail Savva: Centrifugal Tendencies in the Development of Russian Regions: Implications for Ukraine and the West (Centre for Russian Studies, Conference "Russian statehood, stable instability", Kyiv, 18 November 2016)
Empirical and methodological bases of research of centrifugal processes in modern Russia
The author used a system of methods to study modern centrifugal processes in Russia:
1. Qualitative analysis of the existing legislation of the Russian Federation, including its altering.
2. Qualitative content analysis of electronic resources of Runet (Russian segment of Internet), including sites of separatists.
3. Qualitative analysis of historical sources describing the centrifugal tendencies and separatism in the Russian Empire.
4. Unconnected observation of centrifugal tendencies and separatism. The author observed diverse manifestations of separatism in various regions of Russia due to his duties in 1991-2000 when employed at the governmental and municipal services. The author also observed manifestations of centrifugal processes and separatism in the North Caucasus, while working in a nonprofit organization during 2001-2014.
5. The secondary analysis of materials of prior sociological studies of various aspects of centrifugal processes in Russia.
6. Individual expert interviews with public opinion leaders of the republics of the North Caucasus during 2001-2014 and analysis of the content of the interviews.
7. Focus groups held in 2011 by the author and his colleagues from the Krasnodar Regional Public Organization "Southern Regional Resource Centre" in republics and regions of the North Caucasus as part of the social programme Promotion and Protection of Interests of Non-profit Organizations in the North Caucasus.
The methodological basis of the conclusions and recommendations presented in the text is the theory of relative deprivation.